Winds in Croatia

When sailing, the main thing you have to do is to use the winds. in the Croatian Adriatic sea we have different kinds of winds.

by: Emil Tomasevic


Here is a little glossary of the most common winds in Croatia:

BURA is a dry, very cold northern (from NNE to ENE) wind. It blows over the slopes of coastal mountains bringing cold air, causing a lot of trouble, especially to inexperienced sailors because of its strong blows and rapid change of direction. Around midday it usually weakens but in the afternoon it gets stronger again. Bura leaves you little time to escape or prepare before you meet its first blow.

CIROCCO is a strong and warm wind, blowing from ESE to SSE, bringing abundant rainfall. Jugo (or cirocco) reaches its maximum strength after two or three days of constant blowing.

TRAMONTANA is a strong northern to northwestern wind formed by passing of the cold frontal over the Adriatic. It usually turns into bura after a short period – tramontana reaches stormy forces, causing very rough seas.

LEVANT is a cold wind that usually brings clouds and rainfall. Although good for sailing, due to its force, levanat is not popular with sailors.

LIBECCIO is a SS W to WSW mostly winter wind of short duration,but generating extremely rough seas and bringing abundant rainfall.

BURIN is a night breeze blowing from the land to the sea – to compensate for the warm air lifting during the night hours from the sea. Though its name has been derived from bura – burin practically blows in the same direction.

OŠTRO is a rather moderate wind blowing from S, it’s been known that it “follows the sun” and precedes maestral.

MISTRAL usually appears with the coastal land getting warm and causing fall of pressure due to rising of the lighter air.


Ana Cetinić

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